In this chapter, it begins discussing actually building the computer. They were initially given $25K and the scientist started to higher ivy school dropouts. The idea was to start their own research facility were students and computer scientist come together to create the IMP. The scientists made a goal to make the network to be fast and “transparent” as possible. They also had to make a proposal to BBN to make receive more money for their research.
The scientists have been getting enough funding to build four IMPs, despite the doubts of the phone companies. It seems these scientist have great confidence in themselves that their goal will be achieved. In this chapter, the scientist began coding the assembly language into the computer. The scientists discussed to Washington of how the ARPANET would send packages from one computer to another. Also they dealt with numerous troubleshooting and debugging of the IMP. Finally by the end of the chapter, had built one functional IMP and it was about ready to be shipped out.
This introduced a lot the individuals that planned to start the World Wide Web. One huge motivation for the scientist and the president was the launched of Sputnik. President Eisenhower wanted to assemble a group of scientists to compete with Russia. The chapter mention many interesting scientists. One popular individual was Licklider. A humble, brilliant psychologists that envisioned a new way to interact with computers.
This chapter has the scientists explore how the ARPA is to be designed. They three popular designs were centralized, decentralized and distributed networks. These were designed by the scientist named Baran. Later on it was Larry Roberts decided to implement the proposed ARPA with the help of IBM.
With the latest celeb hacking, many individuals begin to question if smartphones really protect our privacy.
Crary from AP states “Given such high stakes, there are multiple initiatives underway to educate consumers about threats to digital privacy and teach them ways to better protect it. For example, educators at more than a dozen top U.S. law schools have developed a curriculum aimed at equipping adolescents with a deeper understanding of the choices facing them in regard to online privacy.”
Data has become so valuable that in this past June “In June, the U.S. Supreme Court came down emphatically in defense of digital-age privacy, ruling unanimously that police generally may not search the cellphones of people they arrest without first getting search warrants.”
People may have to think twice when using their cellphone or any other social media to share data. This also brings up the debate that who is at fault for “the fappening”. Personally, one must be mindful of putting such private data on the cloud. Because unfortunately, there many individuals willing take advantage of people out there.
Home Depot has been the latest victim of stolen credit card data. Kaufman, from the Huffington Post reports ” According to Krebs, several banks said they think the breach may go all the way back to April or early May 2014 — meaning this hack would be much larger than the one that hit Target last December and compromised about 40 million cards.”
“A batch of cards went on sale Tuesday on a site associated with Lampeduza Republic, a popular online black market for stolen cards, under the names “European sanctions” and “American sanctions,” Krebs reported. That seems to indicate the stolen cards are being hawked in retaliation against Western sanctions on Russia for its military incursions into Ukraine.”
This latest stint have scared many individuals that usually trust the security of debit/credit cards. This also reveals a couple interesting points. How were these hackers able to steal so many credit/debit cards? How is the security infrastructure for other retail companies going to respond to these recent thefts. And the real interesting thing is to see if any customers actually changed their shopping habits or just carried on with their lives.
Here is another NSA article, only this one is more focused on the NSA and Verizon and less politics.
The NSA has been collecting phone records on from Verzion customers for several years. “Under the Bush administration, officials in security agencies had disclosed to reporters the large-scale collection of call records data by the NSA, but this is the first time significant and top-secret documents have revealed the continuation of the practice on a massive scale under President Obama.”
The reasoning behind NSA collecting “metadata” on Verizon’s customers is because the NSA has been given the green light by Patriot Act. “The law on which the order explicitly relies is the so-called “business records” provision of the Patriot Act, 50 USC section 1861. That is the provision which Wyden and Udall have repeatedly cited when warning the public of what they believe is the Obama administration’s extreme interpretation of the law to engage in excessive domestic surveillance.”
The main issue is not only a violation of privacy, but the fear the the NSA can turn around and use this data on people. Hopefully that fear doesn’t become a reality.
Cyberbullying has been growing concern for many high schools. According to Stephanie Weldy, she found that “Cyberbullying by defintion of the ed code — in terms of somebody causing somebody hate or discontent through social media — yes, it is a problem,” Police officers like Jones talks about the frequency of the incident: “Not a huge issue. We don’t deal with it daily but of course students aren’t reporting everything. It is something we see regularly.”
Many school officials are informing teachers,students, and parents the dangers of cyberbullying, creating awareness of the issue, and instructing them in how to deal with situation. Its important to promote online safety by monitoring childrens’ accounts, knowing what social media sites their children are on and parents setting ground rules on the use.
Its astonishing of how bullying has evolved so much, it has moved onto the internet. The internet just seems to magnify all of people’s traits whether is positive or negative. Social media in general can be very influential in the way human interaction change. They can enlighten, inform, entertain and effect many individuals so easily. This goes to show that the internet will evolve based on how human interactions evolve.
Washington Posts, Hayley Tsukayama, Discusses how Online dating is perceived now by the public. According to one her findings. “Overall, the study said, attitudes toward online dating have grown significantly more positive since 2005. The report said that 59 percent of Internet users say they believe online dating is a good way to meet people.”
This suggest that the stigma of online dating has dropped significantly of the years. In fact many people prefer to online dating as opposed to the traditional route. Online dating is great to search for a significant others quickly with the comfort of their homes.
However there is still many still individuals look down to online dating: “21 percent — said that they still found online dating “desperate.”’ Another problem people may face is the chances people lying about their profile. People want send a great first impression, lots of individuals will tend embellish their age, experiences, jobs and other attributes. Could explain why there is still some individuals don’t view online dating reliable.
Despite the stigmas with online dating, the apps and websites for it as grown throughout the years. Many individuals still give it a chance to find that “special person”.
The article discusses the importance of having Net Neutrality. Its stresses how the internet is that last place that need regulation and I agree with it. Especially with Comcast trying to control its customers by slowing down the access to Netflix. Thus, forcing Netflix to pay Comcast more money so they don’t slow the bandwidth. Its also reassuring that a lot of people protest to bill as well.
This could potentially open the door for companies regulate internet data for its customers. There have been both sides of the arguments when it comes to net neutrality. One argument is that these companies have to manage their costs due to increase of usage of downloads and uploads on the internet. Also its their way to controlling of the copyright issues that still plague the internet.
The other side argues that this gives companies too much control of the customers data. Also its there way of regulating the internet. This can be devastating if the companies want squeeze out the competition of smaller, lesser known domains on the the internet. The internet should be a place where ideas and data should be expressed without the interference of the government. Regardless, of which side is right, its important to have these conversations because in the future there will be a breaking point that will affect millions of people that use the internet.